Date of Publication: 2008
Size: 7 x 10
This study examines the process of island settlement and sociopolitical transformation from the point of view of Rurutu in the Austral archipelago. The results have implications for current hypotheses surrounding the prehistory of East Polynesia. Among these are: the model of a regional homeland that has gained favor among archaeologists in the past decade; the related concept of the East Polynesian Archaic period, which lasted from approximately AD 1000-1450; how humans transformed their environment from inhospitable forests to productive agricultural landscapes, and the consequences upon local biota; and how the sociopolitical entity known as the chiefdom developed in response to a complicated web of natural and cultural influences. As we examine the findings of this excavation, we will see how many of the tradtions of the "Ancestral Polynesian Society" took root and persisted throughout East Polynesian prehistory.
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